Massachusetts State Government


Massachusetts comes directly from the Algonquian word Massachusett that references the people living in the area, and means at the large hill.

Capital: Boston

Largest Cities: AmherstBrockton, Cambridge, Gloucester, Fall River, Great Barrington, Lexington, Lowell, Lynn, New Bedford, North Adams, Northampton, Plymouth, Provincetown, Quincy, Salem, Springfield, Worcester

Present Constitution Drafted: 1780 (Oldest U.S. state constitution in effect today)

Entered Union: February 6, 1788 (6)

Motto: “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty”

State Flower: Mayflower

State Tree: American Elm

State Bird: Black-capped Chickadee

State Insect: Ladybug

State Dog: Boston Terrier

State Song: “All Hail to Massachusetts”

Nickname: Bay State, Old Colony State