Illinois State Government


Illinois has a silent “s” at the end, because it’s of French origin. “Illinois” means “Land of Illini,” giving a nod to the Native American population. “Illini” is the Algonquin word for “man” or “warrior.”

Capital: Springfield

Largest Cities: Aurora, Carbondale, Charleston, Chicago, Cicero, Decatur, East St. Louis, Elgin, Joliet, Naperville, PeoriaQuincy, Rock Island, Rockford, Village of Arlington Heights, Waukegan

Present Constitution Drafted: 1970

Entered Union: December 3, 1818 (21)

Motto: “State Sovereignity, National Union”

State Flower: Violet

State Tree: White Oak

State Bird: Cardinal

State Dog: Not Specified

State Insect: Monarch Butterfly

State Song: “Illinois”

Nickname: Prairie State, The Land of Lincoln